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    [自然資源] 資源枯竭型城市轉型 貴州萬山這樣干

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    1#
    發表于 2019-2-14 23:53:08 | 只看該作者 回帖獎勵 |倒序瀏覽 |閱讀模式

      



    資源告竭,淪為山區“貧困生”

        貴州省銅仁市萬山區位于湘黔交界處,自秦漢時期便開始開采汞礦,明清時期達到頂峰。萬山汞礦儲量和產量均居國內之首、亞洲之冠,素有中國“汞都”之稱。1966年,為服務這里的汞礦開采,國家設立萬山特區,這是我國第一個縣級特區。

      作為當時國內最大的汞工業生產基地,汞礦給萬山筑起了工業名聲,同時也帶來巨大的物質財富,一度將其推向“小香港”“小深圳”的繁榮巔峰。統計顯示,上世紀50年代以來,萬山累計產汞和朱砂3萬多噸,上繳國家利稅15億多元。上世紀80年代左右,貴州汞礦普通工人每月都能拿70—80元工資。

      然而,經歷了數百年的規模化開采,2001年因資源告竭,萬山汞礦被政策性關閉,剩下的只是地底下綿延970公里的廢舊坑道,舊時繁華落盡,萬山淪為武陵山區“貧困生”中一員。

      資源的枯竭,效益看不見了,造成礦區的技術人員和工人紛紛出走,直到礦區被關閉,在冊職工只剩下2400人。


    昔日“汞都”,打出工業旅游牌

      2009年,萬山成為全國第二批資源枯竭型城市政策扶持地區。萬山下決心撕掉“汞都”標簽,結合當地青山綠水,闖出一條資源枯竭型城市轉型之路。

      “巖鷹窩旁,必有寶藏” 在當地流傳著這樣一句話。巖鷹窩,是萬山發現汞礦的地方,更是讓萬山人回望昔日榮光的地方。2009年,萬山以巖鷹窩、仙人洞、黑洞子等廢舊礦址為基礎做修繕,搞起了旅游,重新向社會開放,萬山國家礦山公園正式揭牌開園,打開了礦區涅槃的序幕,開始了舊貌換新顏的征程。


      


    廢舊礦區,再成為當地人的寶藏

      萬山還在景區內修建汞礦歷史博物館、影視基地等歷史文化體驗區,同時完善游客服務中心、朱砂大觀園、懸崖酒店、玻璃棧道等“吃住行游購娛”配套服務設施,建起了中國第一個以山地工業文明為主題的礦山休閑懷舊小鎮——朱砂古鎮,礦區再次成為萬山人的寶藏。

      記者了解到,僅用了18個月時間,朱砂古鎮就申創國家級4A級景區,榮獲貴州省“綠色經濟‘四型產業’示范項目”,老礦區打出“綠色牌”。據統計,2017年,朱砂古鎮共接待游客200多萬人次,旅游相關產業收入近一億元,旅游收入增速全市第一。2018年國慶期間,朱砂古鎮景區接待旅游人數7.85萬人次,景區綜合收入4922.7萬元,在全市的主要景區收入排名中,位列榜首。

      如今轉型之后的萬山,舊貌換新顏:智能觀光大棚、蔬菜采摘棚、生態木屋、海洋科普館……農旅一體,讓傳統的菜園子成為景區;總投資20億元的萬仁汽車新能源項目,可實現年產值100億元,解決4000多人就業;雙創產業園入駐企業83家,員工超4000人, 2017年創稅超1億元、存款超10億元。


    星韻地理百科,一部由全國地理教育工作者協作共創的地理百科全書!
    2#
    發表于 2019-4-17 20:20:43 | 只看該作者
    這座城市大膽地走“旅游”線路進行轉型,作為外地的當地工作者,因為高昂的門票讓我駐足在朱砂古鎮大門的外面。所以當前的萬山走旅游轉型的道路,并沒有很成功。全國資源枯竭型城市在轉型的道路上,是不是都面臨同樣的問題?
    星韻地理百科,一部由全國地理教育工作者協作共創的地理百科全書!

    QQ|Archiver|小黑屋|手機版|星韻地理網 ( 蘇ICP備16002021號 )

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